OJALÁ and the Subjuctive

February 11, 2015

"OJALÁ" is one of the most common ways to express a desire in Spanish.

 

OJALÁ: hope, wish, hopefully, god willing.

 

Ojalá + presente de subjuntivo: it expresses our wish that something happens in the present or in the future when we think it's probable

 

Ojalá (que) mis estudiantes aprueben el examen de español.

I hope / I wish / Hopefully / God willing / my students pass the Spanish exam.

 

Ojalá + imperfecto de subjuntivo: it expresses our wish that something happens in the present or in the future when we think that it's actually pretty unlikely

 

Ojalá (que) mis estudiantes aprobaran/aprobasen el examen de español.

I hope / I wish / Hopefully / God willing my students passed the Spanish exam.

 

Ojalá + presente perfecto de subjuntivo: it expresses our wish that something happened in the past when we think it's probable that it actually happened

 

Ojalá (que) mis estudiantes hayan aprobado el examen de español.

I hope / I wish / Hopefully / God willing my students have passed the Spanish exam.

 

Ojalá + pluscuamperfecto de subjuntivo: it expresses our wish that something had happened in the past when we know it didn´t happen.

 

Ojalá (que) mis estudiantes hubieran/hubiesen aprobado el examen de español.

I hope / I wish / Hopefully / God willing my students had passed the Spanish exam.

 

 

* Do you want to practice?

Try this exercise. Choose the correct answer.

 

1. Ojalá (que) María (cantar)________________ mañana en la fiesta, canta muy bien.

2. Ojalá (que) ayer María (cantar)________________ en la fiesta, todos habríamos aplaudido.

3. ¡Llegamos tarde a la fiesta!

Ojalá (que) María ya (cantar) ________________. No me gustaría escucharla, canta muy mal.

4. Ojalá (que) María (cantar)________________ en mi fiesta pero es muy vergonzosa.

 

a. CANTE

b. CANTARA o CANTASE

c. HAYA CANTADO

d. HUBIERA o HUBIESE CANTADO

 

Answer: 1-a / 2-d / 3-c / 4 -b

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