Por qué, por que, porque and porqué.

October 16, 2014

The four forms have related meanings but they are not interchangeable. Let´s see:

 

POR QUÉ (why): preposition por + interrogative or exclamatory qué

It´s used for direct and indirect questions.

 

Examples:

  • Direct question: ¿Por qué no fuiste a su fiesta? Why didn´t you go to her party?

  • Indirect question: No sé por qué no fuiste a su fiesta. I don´t know why you didn´t go to her party.

  • Exclamatory sentence: ¡Por qué calles más sucias estuvimos!

 

POR QUE : it has two different uses.

 

  • Preposition por + relative pronoun que (it´s very often used with an article)

Esa es la razón por (la) que no fui a su fiesta. That is the reason why I didn´t go to her party

 

  • Preposition por  + subordinate conjunction que:  when a verb, noun or adjective is has to be followed by the preposition “por” and this introduces a subordinate sentence.

Su escuela optó por que las clases terminaran en mayo en lugar de en Junio. Her school opted to finish classes in May rather than in June.

 

PORQUE:  causal or final conjunction.

 

  • Causal conjunction (because): it´s used for expressing  a cause, reason or motive.

No fui a su fiesta porque estaba enferma. I didn´t go to her party because I was ill.

 

  • Final conjunction (in order to, so that): it´s used for expressing a purpose and it´s followed by a subjunctive verb.

Trabajo mucho porque mi hija pueda estudiar. I work a lot in order to my daughter can study.

 

PORQUÉ: it´s a noun equivalent to cause, reason or motive. It has singular and plural form and it´s usually used preceded by an article.

 

No entiendo el porqué de tu respuesta.  I don´t understand the reason for your answer.

No entiendo los porqués de tu respuesta. I don´t understand the reasons for your answer.

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